निकालना क्रि॰ सं॰ [सं॰ निष्कासन, हिं॰ निकासना]1. IntransitiveVerb2. TransitiveVerb
१. बाहर करना । भीतर से बाहर लाना । निर्गत करना । जैसे, घर से निकालना, बरतन में से निकालना, चुभा हुआ काँटा निकालना । संयो॰ क्रि॰—डालना ।—देना ।— लेना ।—ले जाना । मुहा॰—(स्त्री को) निकाल लाना या ले जाना = स्त्री ये अनुचित संबंध करके उसे उसके घर से अपने यहाँ लाना या लेकर कहीँ चला जाना ।
२. व्याप्त या ओतप्रोत वस्तु को पृथक् करना । मिली हुई, लगी हूई या पैवस्त चीज को अलग करना । जैसे, बीज से तेल निकालना, पत्ती से रस निकालना, फल से छिलका निकालना । संयो॰ क्रि॰—डालना ।—देना ।—लेना ।
३. पार करना । एक ओर से दूसरी ओर ले जाना या बढ़ाना । अतिक्रमण कराना । जैसे— दीवार के छेद में सें इसे उस पार निकाल दो । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।—ले चलना ।—ले जान ।
४. गरम कराना । ले जाना । गुजर कराना । जैसे,—(क) वे बारात इसी सड़क से निकालेंगे । (ख) हम उसे इसी ओर से निकाल ले जायँगे । संयो॰ क्रि॰—ले चलना ।—ले जाना ।
५. किसी ओर को बढ़ा हुआ करना । जैसे,— चबूतरे का एक कोना उधर निकाल दो । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।
६. निश्चित करना । ठहराना । उदभावित करना । जैसे, उपाय निकालना, रास्ता निकालना, दोष निकालना, परिणाम निकालना । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।—लेना ।
७. प्रादुर्भूत करना । उपस्थित करना । मौजूद । करना ।
८. खीलना । व्यक्त करना । स्पष्ट करना । प्रकट करना । जैसे,—वाक्य का अर्थ निकालना ।
९. छेड़ना आरंभ करना । चलाना । जैसे,—बार निकालना, चर्चा निकालना ।
१०. सबके सामने लाना । देख में करना । जैसे,— अभी मत निकालो, लड़के देखेंगे तो रोने लगेंगे ।
११. मेल या मिलेजुले समूह में से अलग करना । पृथक् करना । जैसे,— (क) इनमें से जो आम सड़े हों उन्हें निकाल दो । (ख) इनमें से जो तुम्हारे काम की चीजें हों उन्हें निकाल लो । संयो॰ क्रि॰—डालना ।—देना—लेना ।
१२. घटना । कम करना । जैसे,— पाँच में से तीन निकाल दो । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।—डालना ।
१३. फँसा, बँघा, जुड़ा या लगा न रहने देना । अलग करना । छुड़ाना । मुक्त करना । जैस,—गले से फंदा निकालना, कोट से बटन निकालना । संयो॰ क्रि॰—डालना ।—देना ।—लेना ।
१४. काम से अलग करना । नौकरी से छुड़ाना । बरखास्त करना । जैसे,— इस नौकर को निकाल दो । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।
१५. पास न रखना । दूर करना । हटाना । जैसे,— इस घोड़े को अब हम निकाल देंगे । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।
१६. बेंचना । खपाना । जैसे, माल निकालना । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।
१७. सिद्ध करना । फलीभूत करना । प्राप्त करना । जैसे,— अपना काम निकालने में वह बड़ा पक्का है । संयो॰ क्रि॰—लेना ।
१८. निर्वाह करना । चलाना । जैसे,— किसी प्रकार काम नकालने के लिये यह अच्छा है । संयो॰ क्रि॰—लेना ।
१९. किसी प्रश्न या समस्या का ठीक उत्तर निश्चित करना । हल करना । जैसे,— यह सवाल तुम नहीं निकाल सकते ।
२०. लकीर की तरह दूर तक जानेवाला वस्तु का विधान करना । जारी करना । फैलाना । जैसे, नहर निकालना, सड़क निकालना । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।
२१. प्रचलित करना, जारी करना । जैसे, कानून निकालना, कायदा निकालना, रीति निकालना ।
२२. नई बात प्रकट करना । आविष्कृत करना । ईजाद करना । जैसे, नई तरकीब निकालना, कल निकालना ।
२३. संकट, कठिनाई आदि से छुटकारा करना । बचाव करना । विस्तार करना । उद्धार करना । जैसे,— इस संकट से हमें निकालो ।
२४. प्रस्तुत करके सर्वसाधारण के सामने लाना । प्रचारित करना । प्रकाशित करना । जैसे,—(क) उस प्रकाशक ने अच्छी पुस्तकें निकाली हैं । (ख) अखबार निकालना ।
२५. रकम जिम्मे ठहरना । ऊपर ऋण या देना निश्चित करना । जैसे,— उसने सौ रुपए हमारे जिम्मे निकाने हैं ।
२६. प्राप्त करना । ढूँढ़कर पाना । बरामद करना । जैसे,— पुलिस ने उसके यहाँ चोरी का माल निकाला है ।
२७. दूसरे के यहाँ से अपने वस्तु ले लेना । जैसे, बैंक से रुपया निकालना । संयो॰ क्रि॰—देना ।
२९. घोड़े, बैल आदि को सवारी लेकर चलना या गाड़ी आदि खींचना । सिखाना । शिक्षा देना । जैसे,— (क) यह सवार घोड़ा निकालना है । (ख) यह घोड़ा अभी गाड़ी में नहीं निकाल गया है ।
३०. प्रवाहित करना । बहाना ।
३१. सुई से बेल बूटे बनाना ।
- Elicited; drawn out; made real; open; evident.
- To draw out or entice forth; to bring to light; to bring out against the will; to deduce by reason or argument; as, to elicit truth by discussion.
- To cut off from further connection with an institution of learning, a society, and the like; as, to expel a student or member.
- To discharge; to shoot.
- To drive away from one's country; to banish.
- To drive or force out from that within which anything is contained, inclosed, or situated; to eject; as to expel air from a bellows.
- To keep out, off, or away; to exclude.
- A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.
- A state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated things.
- Abstracted; absent in mind.
- An abstract term.
- Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult.
- Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word.
- Resulting from the mental faculty of abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, "reptile" is an abstract or general name.
- That which comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a brief.
- To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects.
- To epitomize; to abridge.
- A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a hermit's abstraction.
- A separation of volatile parts by the act of distillation.
- Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present objects.
- An idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature; as, to fight for mere abstractions.
- The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or the state of being withdrawn; withdrawal.
- The act process of leaving out of consideration one or more properties of a complex object so as to attend to others; analysis. Thus, when the mind considers the form of a tree by itself, or the color of the leaves as separate from their size or figure, the act is called abstraction. So, also, when it considers whiteness, softness, virtue, existence, as separate from any particular objects.
- The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property of another; purloining.
- To draw money from (one); to induce to pay; as, they bled him freely for this fund.
- To emit blood; to lose blood; to run with blood, by whatever means; as, the arm bleeds; the wound bled freely; to bleed at the nose.
- To issue forth, or drop, as blood from an incision.
- To let blood from; to take or draw blood from, as by opening a vein.
- To lose or shed one's blood, as in case of a violent death or severe wounds; to die by violence.
- To lose sap, gum, or juice; as, a tree or a vine bleeds when tapped or wounded.
- To lose, as blood; to emit or let drop, as sap.
- To pay or lose money; to have money drawn or extorted; as, to bleed freely for a cause.
- To withdraw blood from the body; to let blood; as, Dr. A. bleeds in fevers.
- A device for checking motion, or for measuring friction. See Brake, n. 9 & 10.
- A large four-wheeled carriage, having a straight body and calash top, with the driver's seat in front and the footman's behind.
- A projection or recess from the face of a building.
- An interruption in continuity in writing or printing, as where there is an omission, an unfilled line, etc.
- An interruption of continuity; change of direction; as, a break in a wall; a break in the deck of a ship.
- An interruption; a pause; as, a break in friendship; a break in the conversation.
- An opening made by fracture or disruption.
- An opening or displacement in the circuit, interrupting the electrical current.
- See Commutator.
- The first appearing, as of light in the morning; the dawn; as, the break of day; the break of dawn.
- A drinking cup; a vessel for holding liquids.
- A vessel or case of tinned iron or of sheet metal, of various forms, but usually cylindrical; as, a can of tomatoes; an oil can; a milk can.
- an obs. form of began, imp. & p. p. of Begin, sometimes used in old poetry. [See Gan.]
- To be able to do; to have power or influence.
- To be able; -- followed by an infinitive without to; as, I can go, but do not wish to.
- To know; to understand.
- To preserve by putting in sealed cans
- A passing from one phase to another; as, a change of the moon.
- A place where merchants and others meet to transact business; a building appropriated for mercantile transactions.
- A public house; an alehouse.
- A succesion or substitution of one thing in the place of another; a difference; novelty; variety; as, a change of seasons.
- Alteration in the order of a series; permutation.
- Any order in which a number of bells are struck, other than that of the diatonic scale.
- Any variation or alteration; a passing from one state or form to another; as, a change of countenance; a change of habits or principles.
- Small money; the money by means of which the larger coins and bank bills are made available in small dealings; hence, the balance returned when payment is tendered by a coin or note exceeding the sum due.
- Specifically: To give, or receive, smaller denominations of money (technically called change) for; as, to change a gold coin or a bank bill.
- That which makes a variety, or may be substituted for another.
- Free from awkwardness; not bungling; adroit; dexterous; as, aclean trick; a clean leap over a fence.
- Free from ceremonial defilement.
- Free from dirt or filth; as, clean clothes.
- Free from errors and vulgarisms; as, a clean style.
- Free from moral defilement; sinless; pure.
- Free from restraint or neglect; complete; entire.
- Free from that which is corrupting to the morals; pure in tone; healthy.
- Free from that which is useless or injurious; without defects; as, clean land; clean timber.
- To render clean; to free from whatever is foul, offensive, or extraneous; to purify; to cleanse.
- Well-proportioned; shapely; as, clean limbs.
- Able to perceive clearly; keen; acute; penetrating; discriminating; as, a clear intellect; a clear head.
- Easily or distinctly heard; audible; canorous.
- Free from ambiguity or indistinctness; lucid; perspicuous; plain; evident; manifest; indubitable.
- Free from embarrassment; detention, etc.
- Free from guilt or stain; unblemished.
- Free from impediment or obstruction; unobstructed; as, a clear view; to keep clear of debt.
- Free from opaqueness; transparent; bright; light; luminous; unclouded.
- Full extent; distance between extreme limits; especially; the distance between the nearest surfaces of two bodies, or the space between walls; as, a room ten feet square in the clear.
- In a clear manner; plainly.
- Not clouded with passion; serene; cheerful.
- A dry measure. See Coomb.
- A former, commonly cone-shaped, used in hat manufacturing for hardening the soft fiber into a bat.
- A tool with teeth, used for chasing screws on work in a lathe; a chaser.
- A toothed instrument used for separating and cleansing wool, flax, hair, etc.
- Alt. of Combe
- An instrument for currying hairy animals, or cleansing and smoothing their coats; a currycomb.
- An instrument with teeth, for straightening, cleansing, and adjusting the hair, or for keeping it in place.
- One of a pair of peculiar organs on the base of the abdomen of scorpions.
- The collector of an electrical machine, usually resembling a comb.
- The curling crest of a wave.
- A loud utterance; especially, the inarticulate sound produced by one of the lower animals; as, the cry of hounds; the cry of wolves.
- A pack of hounds.
- A pack or company of persons; -- in contempt.
- A word or phrase caught up by a party or faction and repeated for effect; as, the party cry of the Tories.
- Any expression of grief, distress, etc., accompanied with tears or sobs; a loud sound, uttered in lamentation.
- Common report; fame.
- Importunate supplication.
- Loud expression of triumph or wonder or of popular acclamation or favor.
- Outcry; clamor; tumult; popular demand.
- Public advertisement by outcry; proclamation, as by hawkers of their wares.
- A common work horse; a gelding.
- A notch, passage, or channel made by cutting or digging; a furrow; a groove; as, a cut for a railroad.
- A portion severed or cut off; a division; as, a cut of beef; a cut of timber.
- A skein of yarn.
- A stroke or blow or cutting motion with an edged instrument; a stroke or blow with a whip.
- An engraved block or plate; the impression from such an engraving; as, a book illustrated with fine cuts.
- An opening made with an edged instrument; a cleft; a gash; a slash; a wound made by cutting; as, a sword cut.
- Formed or shaped as by cutting; carved.
- Gashed or divided, as by a cutting instrument.
- Manner in which a thing is cut or formed; shape; style; fashion; as, the cut of a garment.
- A dipped candle.
- A liquid, as a sauce or gravy, served at table with a ladle or spoon.
- Inclination downward; direction below a horizontal line; slope; pitch.
- The action of dipping or plunging for a moment into a liquid.
- To dip snuff.
- To engage as a pledge; to mortgage.
- To enter slightly or cursorily; to engage one's self desultorily or by the way; to partake limitedly; -- followed by in or into.
- To immerse for baptism; to baptize by immersion.
- To immerse one's self; to become plunged in a liquid; to sink.
- To incline downward from the plane of the horizon; as, strata of rock dip.
- A drawn game or battle, etc.
- A lot or chance to be drawn.
- That part of a bridge which may be raised, swung round, or drawn aside; the movable part of a drawbridge. See the Note under Drawbridge.
- The act of drawing; draught.
- To admit the action of pulling or dragging; to undergo draught; as, a carriage draws easily.
- To become contracted; to shrink.
- To cause to come out for one's use or benefit; to extract; to educe; to bring forth; as: (a) To bring or take out, or to let out, from some receptacle, as a stick or post from a hole, water from a cask or well, etc.
- To cause to move continuously by force applied in advance of the thing moved; to pull along; to haul; to drag; to cause to follow.
- To drain by emptying; to suck dry.
- To draw a liquid from some receptacle, as water from a well.
- Furnishing little delight, spirit, or variety; uninteresting; tedious; cheerless; gloomy; melancholy; depressing; as, a dull story or sermon; a dull occupation or period; hence, cloudy; overcast; as, a dull day.
- Heavy; gross; cloggy; insensible; spiritless; lifeless; inert.
- Insensible; unfeeling.
- Not bright or clear to the eye; wanting in liveliness of color or luster; not vivid; obscure; dim; as, a dull fire or lamp; a dull red or yellow; a dull mirror.
- Not keen in edge or point; lacking sharpness; blunt.
- Slow in action; sluggish; unready; awkward.
- Slow of understanding; wanting readiness of apprehension; stupid; doltish; blockish.
- To become dull or stupid.
- To deprive of liveliness or activity; to render heavy; to make inert; to depress; to weary; to sadden.
- To deprive of sharpness of edge or point.
- To cause to disappear from an equation; as, to eliminate an unknown quantity.
- To obtain by separating, as from foreign matters; to deduce; as, to eliminate an idea or a conclusion.
- To put out of doors; to expel; to discharge; to release; to set at liberty.
- To separate; to expel from the system; to excrete; as, the kidneys eliminate urea, the lungs carbonic acid; to eliminate poison from the system.
- To set aside as unimportant in a process of inductive inquiry; to leave out of consideration.
- To issue forth, as an order or decree; to print and send into circulation, as notes or bills of credit.
- To send forth; to throw or give out; to cause to issue; to give vent to; to eject; to discharge; as, fire emits heat and smoke; boiling water emits steam; the sun emits light.
- An empty box, crate, cask, etc.; -- used in commerce, esp. in transportation of freight; as, "special rates for empties."
- Containing nothing; not holding or having anything within; void of contents or appropriate contents; not filled; -- said of an inclosure, as a box, room, house, etc.; as, an empty chest, room, purse, or pitcher; an empty stomach; empty shackles.
- Destitute of effect, sincerity, or sense; -- said of language; as, empty words, or threats.
- Destitute of reality, or real existence; unsubstantial; as, empty dreams.
- Destitute of, or lacking, sense, knowledge, or courtesy; as, empty brains; an empty coxcomb.
- Free; clear; devoid; -- often with of.
- Having nothing to carry; unburdened.
- Producing nothing; unfruitful; -- said of a plant or tree; as, an empty vine.
- To become empty.
- To deprive of the contents; to exhaust; to make void or destitute; to make vacant; to pour out; to discharge; as, to empty a vessel; to empty a well or a cistern.
- To shut out; to hinder from entrance or admission; to debar from participation or enjoyment; to deprive of; to except; -- the opposite to admit; as, to exclude a crowd from a room or house; to exclude the light; to exclude one nation from the ports of another; to exclude a taxpayer from the privilege of voting.
- To thrust out or eject; to expel; as, to exclude young animals from the womb or from eggs.
- To cast out, as a devil, evil spirits, etc., by conjuration or summoning by a holy name, or by certain ceremonies; to expel (a demon) or to conjure (a demon) to depart out of a person possessed by one.
- To deliver or purify from the influence of an evil spirit or demon.
- A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef; extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as, quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
- A draught or copy of writing; certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgement therein, with an order for execution.
- A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; -- called also the extractive principle.
- A portion of a book or document, separately transcribed; a citation; a quotation.
- A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant; -- distinguished from an abstract. See Abstract, n., 4.
- Extraction; descent.
- That which is extracted or drawn out.
- To draw out or forth; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.; as, to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, a splinter from the finger.
- To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.
- To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process; as, to extract an essence. Cf. Abstract, v. t., 6.
- To cause to be emitted or evolved; as, to extricate heat or moisture.
- To free, as from difficulties or perplexities; to disentangle; to disembarrass; as, to extricate a person from debt, peril, etc.
- The act, process, or state of floating.
- The science of floating bodies.
- Certain or honorable; the opposite of base; as, free service; free socage.
- Characteristic of one acting without restraint; charming; easy.
- Clear of offense or crime; guiltless; innocent.
- Exempt from subjection to the will of others; not under restraint, control, or compulsion; able to follow one's own impulses, desires, or inclinations; determining one's own course of action; not dependent; at liberty.
- Exempt; clear; released; liberated; not encumbered or troubled with; as, free from pain; free from a burden; -- followed by from, or, rarely, by of.
- Freely; willingly.
- Invested with a particular freedom or franchise; enjoying certain immunities or privileges; admitted to special rights; -- followed by of.
- Liberated, by arriving at a certain age, from the control of parents, guardian, or master.
- Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending individual rights against encroachment by any person or class; instituted by a free people; -- said of a government, institutions, etc.
- Not close or parsimonious; liberal; open-handed; lavish; as, free with his money.
- To allow or admit by way of supposition.
- To attribute; to assign; to adjudge.
- To become soft or moist.
- To bestow without receiving a return; to confer without compensation; to impart, as a possession; to grant, as authority or permission; to yield up or allow.
- To cause; to make; -- with the infinitive; as, to give one to understand, to know, etc.
- To communicate or announce, as advice, tidings, etc.; to pronounce; to render or utter, as an opinion, a judgment, a sentence, a shout, etc.
- To devote; to apply; used reflexively, to devote or apply one's self; as, the soldiers give themselves to plunder; also in this sense used very frequently in the past participle; as, the people are given to luxury and pleasure; the youth is given to study.
- To excite or cause to exist, as a sensation; as, to give offense; to give pleasure or pain.
- To exhibit as a product or result; to produce; to show; as, the number of men, divided by the number of ships, gives four hundred to each ship.
- To give a gift or gifts.